The Current State of Women
- Women earn about 80 cents for every dollar a man earns, or 25 percent less than men.
- The real median earnings of full-time, year-round workers was $52,146 for men and $41,977 for women in 2017, a decrease for both groups of 1.1 percent from their medians in 2016.
- As consumers, they are subject to a “pink tax” on hygiene products and higher lifetime medical expenses, and struggle with more debt than men.
Women are attaining college degrees at higher rates, which is allowing them access to higher wages
- The female-to-male earnings ratio was 0.805 in 2017, which is not statistically different from the ratio a year prior.
- The number of women working full-time, year-round increased by 1.0 million, while the number of their male counterparts increased by 1.4 million between 2016 and 2017.
- The average annual personal income for college-educated women (who married after age 30) is $50,415, compared with $32,263 for women—of the same age— who have only a high school diploma who married before age 20.
Women are more independent
- There are 2.7 million mothers between the ages of 25 and 34 who are not married or living with a partner.
- The median age to marry for the first time is 29.8 for men and 28.0 for women, compared to ages 23.7 and 20.5, respectively, in 1947.
- More than half of young adults between the ages 18 to 24 live in their parental home, compared to 16 percent of those ages 25 to 34.
With college degrees and higher earnings, women have increased their home buying activity and buying power
- According to the U.S. Census Bureau, single women have outpaced men in homeownership since 1986.
- Of all family households in 2017, female householders with no husband present represented 12.7 percent of all occupied housing units, while married couples made up 48.4 percent and male householders with no wife present comprised 4.8 percent.
- A majority of single female householders are between the ages of 35 and 64.
Women professionals – In the U.S.
- 25.7 percent of families headed by women with no husband present are below the poverty level
- 40.8 percent of these households have children below 18 years
- 48.4 percent have children under five
The movement of women obtaining higher education and increasing their incomes will continue, thereby maintaining their upward home buying activity and buying power
- in 1940, 3.8 percent of women held a college education; 2014 U.S. Census Bureau data reveals that 30.2 percent of women had a bachelor’s degree or higher
- according to the DOL, 57 percent of women participate in the labor force
- the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that women in the labor force have been steadily increasing, comprising 46 percent of the labor force in 1994 and projected to comprise 47.2 percent by 2024
- Between 1970 and 2010, women civil engineers increased by 977 percent; pharmacists by 434 percent; physicians and surgeons by 334 percent; and lawyers and judges by 681 percent
- Between 2000 and 2015, the percentage of married couples where the woman earns at least $30,000 more than the husband has increased three percent
- In 2015, there were 5.2 million stay-at-home moms compared to 199,000 stay-at-home dads
Home Worth Disparity
- Homes owned by single women are worth less than homes owned by single men in the U.S.
- Homes owned by single men are worth 10 percent more than homes owned by single women
- Homes owned by single men appreciate 16 percent faster than homes owned by single women
Poverty Levels According to the U.S. Census Bureau
- More than 1 in 4 families with children under the age of 18 are headed by a single parent and more than 3 out of 4 single parent families are headed by a female
- In the U.S.
- 29 percent of families headed by women with no husband present are below the poverty level
- 39.2 percent of these households have children below 18 years
- 43.9 percent have children under five
- In California
- 27.9 percent single female households living in poverty
- 37.8 percent with children under 18
- 40.6 with children under five
- In the U.S.
Help women turn their homeownership dreams into reality
- The Veteran’s Administration (VA) offers mortgage guarantees with no down payment requirement and other assistance for women who are currently serving, are retired, are a reservist, a national guard or a surviving military spouse in active duty.
- First-time homebuyers can get loans from Federal Housing Administration (FHA), a division of HUD. The FHA insures loans, making it possible to get lower down payments as well as reduced closing costs. FHA loan down payments can be as low as 3.5 percent of the home price and often closing costs and other fees can be included into the loan amount. These loans require at least two years of steady income with an employer, no recent bankruptcy or foreclosures and a minimum credit score of 620 or higher.
- Low income women have the option to speak with a reputable real estate agents or mortgage brokers in their community. They may be able to provide information about local programs that support women’s homeownership by providing special financing options. Home Investment Partnerships (HOME) is a program that provides down payment assistance to low-income women and families.
Tips for Female homebuyers
- Make sure your home payments fit into your budget; an emergency should not send you into a vicious circle of debts.
- Compare renting and buying, you might be surprised to see similar payment ranges. It might make sense to buy.
- Consider your future; find a home that see yourself living through your old age.
- Always have enough savings in your account to get you through multiple home payments, to get you through tough situation like layoffs
- Research home warranties and understand if your home needs it or not; in most cases it is useful especially when the home needs major repairs
- If you have a particular type of home in mind, a condo, a townhome, a single-family home etc., stick to your plan and do not be swayed by other people’s opinions
- It is not wrong to buy a basic looking home, it is has a good value. Once you settle, you can take your time to decorate it as and when the budget allows
8. Take a homeownership class: learn about preventing foreclosures, home inspections etc. Most states have Housing Counseling Agencies that offer free courses, some even specially for first-time homebuyers